张文皓,张宏晨,葛伟,刘志琛,曹宝花.西安市部分社区围绝经期妇女生活质量及影响因素分析[J].上海护理,2018,18(4):
西安市部分社区围绝经期妇女生活质量及影响因素分析
投稿时间:2016-11-10  修订日期:2018-04-02
DOI:
中文关键词:  社区  围绝经期  生活质量  影响因素
英文关键词:Community  Peri-menopause  Qality of life  Influencing factor
基金项目:陕西省社会发展攻关项目
作者单位E-mail
张文皓 第四军医大学护理学院 sdtazwh@sina.com 
张宏晨 第四军医大学护理学院  
葛伟 第四军医大学护理学院  
刘志琛 第四军医大学护理学院  
曹宝花 第四军医大学护理学院 cbh528@fmmu.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      摘要:目的 探讨西安市部分社区围绝经期妇女的生活质量水平,分析其影响因素。方法 采用目的抽样法,于2016年1-3月选取485名西安市围绝经期妇女为研究对象,利用一般资料调查表、世界卫生组织生存质量测定量表简表、领悟社会支持量表、焦虑和抑郁自评量表进行调查,分析其生活质量影响因素。结果 485名社区围绝经期妇女生活质量得分为(55.81±9.20)分,生理领域得分低于全国常模(P<0.05)。多元线性回归分析显示,文化程度、家庭人均月收入、婚姻状况、焦虑抑郁以及领悟社会支持水平是妇女生活质量的影响因素,可解释63.1%的变异量。结论 被调查社区围绝经期妇女生活质量整体较差,其影响因素较多,社区医护人员应同时加强对该人群的生理及心理护理。
英文摘要:
      Abstract:Objective To investigate the quality of life of peri-menopausal women in Xi’an, and to analyze the related influencing factors. Methods A total of 485 peri-menopausal women in several communities in Xi’an were investigated from January to March 2016. General information questionnaire, World Health Organization Quality of Life-Brief (WHOQOL-BREF), Perceived Social Support Scale (PSSS), Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS) were employed to collect the data. Results The score of quality of life of peri-menopausal women was 55.81±9.20, and the average score of physical dimension was lower than the national norm (P<0.05). Multiple logistic analysis showed that education background, family income per capita, marital status, anxiety and depression levels, PSSS score were the influencing factors, explaining 63.1% of the variances. Conclusion The quality of life of peri-menopausal women is poor, with multiple influencing factors. The nursing staff should strengthen the physical and psychological nursing for them.
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