乔安花,徐喆玥,丁小萍,彭飞.骨科大手术后VTE高危患者健康教育需求调查研究[J].上海护理,2018,18(6):
骨科大手术后VTE高危患者健康教育需求调查研究
Study on the status and influencing factors of venous thromboembolism in patients after major surgery in the Department of orthopedicsXu Zheyue,Qiao Anhua,Pengfei.Department of Nursing,Shanghai Changzheng Hospital,Shanghai,China.
投稿时间:2017-04-14  修订日期:2018-06-05
DOI:
中文关键词:  骨科大手术  静脉血栓栓塞症  健康教育
英文关键词:Orthopaedics major operation  venous thromboembolism  Health education
基金项目:第七届医院护理课题基金(20141104);上海市卫生和计划生育委员会科研课题(201440088)
作者单位E-mail
乔安花 第二军医大学附属长征医院 qiaoxiang1_1@163.com 
徐喆玥 第二军医大学附属长征医院  
丁小萍 第二军医大学附属长征医院  
彭飞 第二军医大学附属长征医院 zhaozichen@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      【】目的 调查骨科大手术后VTE高危患者深静脉血栓或肺栓塞的健康教育情况,了解骨科大手术患者对静脉血栓健康教育需求,以期为临床护士的健康教育提供指导。方法 采用方便抽样方法,应用自行设计的深静脉血栓/肺栓塞健康教育调查问卷,对某三甲医院骨科术后经过Caprini量表评估为超高危的60名患者进行问卷调查,在病人出院当天现场调查或在出院后一周内通过邮寄信件进行调查,数据分析采用描述性分析、t检验、方差分析等。结果 共调查60名骨科大手术后的高危患者,90%以上的高危患者主要通过医护人员了解深静脉血栓/肺栓塞相关知识,不同年龄患者健康宣教现状存在差异,主要照顾者影响患者健康教育现状的程度。结论 护士在健康教育过程中,应结合患者的年龄和主要照顾者特点进行针对性宣教;在宣教方式上,护士口头宣教是目前患者最期望的宣教方式,还可采取健康宣教手册等形式,因人施教。
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate the knowledge of post-operative patients about VET/PE in the department of orthopedics, provide guidance for clinical nurses" health education. Methods Based on convenience sampling, with the self-designed DVP/PE health education questionnaire,60 patients in top three hospital after caprini assessment questionnaire investigation for super high risk were investigated. ResultsMore than 90% patients know deep venous thrombosis / pulmonary embolism related knowledge by the medical staff. The age of patients and primary caregiver status related with patients health education. Conclusion Findings suggest that nursing oral education is currently the most popular manner.The study also highlights diversification methods in providing patient education.
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